According to CCTV news reports, the world-famous Chinese architecture master Pei Ming died on May 16 at the age of 102.
Pei's famous works include the Hong Kong Bank of China Building and the glass pyramid of the Louvre in France.
A hundred years of history: architecture, works all over the world
Mr. Pei Ming is the most famous architect in the world. He has been involved in the construction industry for more than 70 years. His outstanding works have been spread all over the world and he is known as the “last master of modern architecture”.
"The most beautiful building should be built on time, and time will give all the answers," said Pei Ming. Now in its infancy, looking back on the centuries, the glass pyramid in front of the Louvre is still as jewel-like, and the Suzhou Museum in its hometown is increasingly showing the temperament of classical and modern.
Pei is a Chinese-American architect. She was born in Guangzhou, China on April 26, 1917. She is a native of Suzhou and is behind the Suzhou family.
After graduating from high school at the age of 17, his father had hoped that he would go to the UK to study economics. But at the time, Pei Ming had a strong interest in architectural design. He eventually chose to go to the University of Pennsylvania to study architecture, then transferred to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to study architecture, and at the age of 27 at the Harvard University Institute of Architecture.
After graduating from Harvard, Pei Ming began his career in architecture. For more than 70 years, the Chinese-American Wizards of the architectural world have brought a variety of wonderful works to the world. These include the Glass Pyramid of the Louvre, the Kennedy Library, the East Pavilion of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, the Bank of China Building in Hong Kong, and the Suzhou Museum.
Pei's works are mainly based on public buildings and cultural and educational buildings. They are classified as modernist buildings, making good use of steel, concrete, glass and stone, and pursuing the concept of space in which architecture integrates nature. His architectural works are spread across the globe, including China, France, the United States, Germany, Japan, Australia, Singapore, Canada, Luxembourg, and even as far as Qatar.
According to rough statistics, Pei Ming has designed more than 100 large-scale buildings and won more than 50 awards. Twenty-four of the nearly 50 large buildings he designed in the United States won awards. In 1979, Pei Ming was awarded the Gold Medal of the American Architectural Society. The American Institute of Architects also designated the year as the "Bei Mingming Year."
In addition, he won the French Architecture Gold Award in 1981, the Nobel Prize in Architecture in 1983 - the fifth Pritzker Prize, the Japanese Emperor Award in 1989, and the freedom granted by President Reagan in 1986. Medals, etc.
"The Last Master": Do not follow the tide to achieve "the most beautiful architecture"
When it comes to Pei's masterpiece, many people first think of the glass pyramid of the Louvre's Napoleon Square. However, this design of IM Pei was initially criticized in France. Some French people think that Pei Ming will ruin the appearance of "French beauty."
In the face of pressure, Pei Ming has left all kinds of criticisms and suspicions behind, insisting on perfecting and building his own designs. He once said: "Architects must have their own style and opinions, and they must be drowned by history." As a result, the design of the pyramid was a great success, and even like the Eiffel Tower, it became a symbol of Paris. The French also praised the pyramid as "a huge gem that flew in the Louvre."
Since then, IM Pei has also designed important works such as the Kennedy Memorial Library in Boston and the National Gallery in Washington, DC, which have made him a household name in the United States. In particular, the Kennedy Library, which was completed in 1979, has become a sensation in the American architectural world due to its novel design, bold shape and high technology. It is recognized as one of the best masterpieces in American architectural history.
In addition, as a Chinese architect, Pei Ming has designed many classic buildings in China, including the Bank of China Headquarters, Xiangshan Hotel, and Hong Kong Bank of China Tower. He once said that "the more national, the more the world."
He is still retiring for more than a decade and has designed the new Suzhou Museum for his hometown of Suzhou. In order to respect the characteristics of Suzhou gardens, Bei Yuming specially combines classical and modern, and built the Suzhou Museum into the most aura of the city.
For decades, Pei has always adhered to the tradition of modern architecture. He never argued for his own design. He never wrote his own interpretation of the concept of the work. He believed that the building itself was the best declaration. He is hailed as “the last master of modern architecture” and is also considered to “create the most beautiful interior and exterior style of this century.”
Master, go well.